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俄罗斯银行将为20万桶/天新石油产能筹措资金

据油价网莫斯科报道,不愿透露姓名的消息人士日前对路透社记者表示,至少有两家俄罗斯银行将向俄罗斯石油行业提供大约60亿美元贷款,用于钻探新油井,此举可能使俄罗斯的石油日产量迅速增加20万桶。

这很可能是俄罗斯的石油公司从美国竞争对手那里借鉴来的策略:钻井但不完井,以便在油价合适时准备提供新产量,所以他们可以很快投产——完成一口油井所需的时间比从头开始钻整口油井要少得多。

俄罗斯能源部长诺瓦克在4月底曾表示,俄罗斯的石油公司可能会开始钻井作业,但他们不会为了未来的产量而完成钻井,以便让油田服务供应商继续从事这项业务。现在,另一个目标是,如果需求反弹,这将帮助俄罗斯在短期内维持或扩大其市场份额。

根据其与OPEC+达成的协议,俄罗斯石油产量已比去年1130万桶/天下降了大约200万桶/天。路透社在其报道中指出,俄罗斯公司为了实施减产而关闭的大部分油井都是成熟油井,当或如果油价回升,这些成熟油井可能无法恢复生产。

这意味着新的产量将是必要的,但如果可能的话,无需预先进行全部投资。相反,这些投资将在较长一段时间内分配,且只在必要时用于完成那些他们能够开始生产的油井。

诺瓦克6月早些时候曾表示,他希望2021年石油需求能恢复到疫情大流行前的水平。不过,他指出,这一复苏可能需要两到三年时间才能实现。

随着因疫情导致的国家封锁开始解除,边境重新开放,世界各地的石油需求正在复苏。然而,形势仍很脆弱,需求能否回升到危机前的水平尚不清楚。

李峻 编译自 油价网

原文如下:

Russian Banks To Finance 200,000 Bpd In New Oil Production Capacity

At least two Russian banks are lending some $6 billion to the oil industry to drill new wells that could add 200,000 bpd to the country’s production quickly, unnamed sources have told Reuters.

It is a tactic the Russian companies likely borrowed from its U.S. competitors: drilling but not completing wells to have new production at the ready when prices call for it, so they can bring it online fast--completing an oil well takes a lot less time than drilling the whole thing from scratch.

Energy Minister Alexander Novak said in late April that oil companies may start drilling but not completing wells for future production in order to keep oilfield service providers in the business. Now, another goal would be to help Russia maintain or expand its market share on short notice if demand rebounds.

Russia’s oil production is down by about 2 million from last year’s average of 11.3 million bpd per its agreement with OPEC+. Most of the wells that Russian companies had to shut to effect the production cuts were mature ones and may not be brought back on stream when—and if—prices recover, Reuters noted in its report.

This means that new production will be necessary but, if possible, without the full investment done upfront. Instead, the investment will be distributed over a longer period and only when necessary to complete the wells so they can start producing.

Novak earlier this month said he hoped oil demand could recover next year to pre-pandemic levels. However, he noted that it could take two to three years for this recovery to materialize.

Oil demand has been recovering across the world as pandemic-forced national lockdowns began to be lifted and borders reopened. However, the situation is still fragile, with little clarity as to whether demand will improve to pre-crisis levels.

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